The Millennipedia v. 2.0 (beta)
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Dictionaries and Language Notes
Legendary and Historical Persons and Beings
Places and Peoples
Institutions, Edifices, Organizations and Publications
Religion, Spirituality, Philosophy and Customs
Date and Time Conventions
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This is a work in progress. If there’s anything you think ought to be added to it or needs correcting, let me know.
his stay on Haiu Menshir after being tortured to catatonia in Arko by Kurkas.
Avritha of F’talezon: Woyvodaana (Queen) of the city of F’talezon, wife of Ranion called the Terrible. Her Zak gift is to stop suddenly in mid-sentence or action, and utter a short phrase of prophecy about which she is afterwards unaware. At one time nicknamed "Viper," she is starting to be known as "the Just."
Baska, see Beshan aht Keska nar sept Maekun.
the sack of Arko, during which the previous secretary died after reading a letter impermeated with inhaled poison, intended for Chevenga, left by Kurkas.
Chevenga Aicheresa: the name that would be taken by Fourth Chevenga Shae-Arano-e if he were not nominally semanakraseye. Yeolis traditionally take the surname of their mother, but in the case of a semanakraseye or heir apparent, the surname is taken from the parent of either sex who was the previous semanakraseye, so that it remains Shae-Arano-e. Shae-Arano-e was the surname of Chevenga’s father, who was semanakraseye, and Aicheresa is that of his mother.
until she is killed during the Sack of Arko by contact poison on a letter intended for Chevenga, which she reads to him because he is too drunk to see the letters.
colander-like eye-shields for mamokal, wind-powered wagons for transporting troops, a relatively-safe method of launching a wing from flat ground by towing it behind a galloping horse, and the kriffiyah, a device for snatching an object or person from the ground by moyawa.
married into a three of convenience with Chevenga before he became semanakraseye, so as to provide him heirs and further their bureaucratic careers.
Fifth Chevenga Tanashai Shae-Arano-e: eldest child of Fourth Chevenga Shae-Arano-e, born atakina 19, 1545, and ascendant to the demarchy. Usename: Tawaen (a corruption of itanavaen, Yeoli for “fifth.”)
Fourth Chevenga Shae-Arano-e: semanakraseye of Yeola-e, Y. 1547 to present. Added the name First Virani-e in 1556. Short forms: Ch’eng’, Sheng; mispronunciations: Shefen-kas, J’vengka, Sievenka; known aliases: Karas Raikas, Rao Kyavinara; most frequent nickname Amiyaseye ("Beloved").
appointed Minister of Border Defense, i.e. supreme military commander in the Empire of Arko, by Chevenga once he becomes Imperator.
represents Malaradas Kazien in a duel against Kallijas Itrean (q.v.) representing Chevenga, settling the attempt of Toras Teleken solas (q.v.) fronted by Malaradas, to return the Empire to Arkan control.
one of the very few surviving Mahid after the Sack of Arko.
Iliakaj the Immortal, true surname Misanj: Enchian Ring-fighter who has been repeatedly defeated but not incapacitated in the Mezem, and therefore repeatedly reduced to zero chains, so that he has amassed close to three hundred chains in an eight-year bid to win fifty in a row and hence his freedom, by the time he and Chevenga meet. During that time he has fathered three children with his Arkan mistress, Irela, and gained a huge and loyal fan following.
After a consecutive string of forty-nine wins, he is matched against Chevenga, turns down Chevenga’s offer to throw the fight, and is defeated.
loses a duel non-fatally against Chevenga for the Yeoli capital of Vae Arahi during the Arkan occupation of Yeola-e, the two becoming lovers in the process. Elevated to Aitzas by Chevenga after defeating Idiesas Firnean in a crucial duel.
after his first stay on Haiu Menshir and before returning to Yeola-e to fight the Arkans.
Kaninjer of Berit
until he is deposed and executed by Chevenga at the end of the Arko-Yeola-e war.
rescued by Megan and her wife Shkai’ra Mek Kermak’s Kin from slavery in the city of Arko.
Escaping from Arko with Niku but forced to leave Chevenga behind, he is recaptured and ultimately commits suicide so as not to be matched against Chevenga for the fight which would be the fiftieth for both of them.
Having lost her biological son Lixand,to the Arkan slave trade when he was two, she enlists in Chevenga's army with her wife Shkai'ra and, unwittingly, her adopted daughter Sova to attempt to get him back.
Merchoser of Berit: Haian healer, uncle of Kaninjer of Berit. Captured by Horoken the Accursed just as he was heading out on his service, he has been kept prisoner on Horoken’s island for nineteen years, developing a drinking habit as a result.
Rescued by Chevenga and the crew of the Hindlian Sorceress.
Minis is spirited out of the city of Arko shortly before it is overrun and sacked at the end of the Arko-Yeola-e war.
after the Arkans annex Haiu Menshir. He receives his education in war-craft with the Three-Moon School, attached to Chevenga’s army, and fights in the Arkan war, only to lay down the sword during the Sack of Arko; however afterward he accepts employment in Yeola-e teaching Yeoli war-teachers how to use Haian life-energy techniques in combat so they can pass this knowledge on to their students.
Niku aht Tanra nar sept Taekun: Niah elite warrior and single-wing flyer-commander,
who gives to the Yeolis and then the world the Niah secret of single-wing technology after falling in love with Chevenga when they are both gladiators, and later marries him.
Riji Kli-fas, surname Asadji: professor of philosophy, artist and preeminent retired Ring-fighter, born in Tor Ench but making his home in Arko. Famed for his odd dualism of impeccable refinement outside the ring and utter barbarity in it, he returns to the Mezem in his thirties after
it is suggested that Chevenga is a better duelist than he.
and one of a pair of twins; the other dies at two days old from being stream-tested.
Killed during the final battle of the conquest of Arko, in the fight against Mahid to seize the Marble Palace.
marry into a threesome of convenience with Chevenga before he becomes semanakraseye, so as to provide him heirs as required and further their bureaucratic careers.
Along with Megan and their daughter Sova, she joins Chevenga’s army to fight against the Arkans, mysteriously disappears part way through, then mysteriously reappears after the Sack, with some sense of untoward activity.
Assigned to Chevenga, he falls in love with him and eventually becomes his chamberlain, first in the Marble Palace, then in the Hearthstone Independent. Elevated to Aitzas by Chevenga shortly after he first becomes Imperator.
Eager to see the world at the age of sixteen, she joins her mothers in Chevenga’s army without authorization, serving competently with Shkai’ra’s cavalry unit.
the battle of Porfirias during the Arko-Yeola-e war. Acts as Chevenga’s healer through his process of going asa kraiya.
while he is away captive in Arko, fighting the Arko-Yeola-e war and serving as Imperator.
who rallies a force from the western regions of the Empire, fronted by the veteran but senile general Malaradas Kazien Aitzas, to try to retake Arko from Chevenga.
Fifth Tyeraha Shae-Arano-e: regent semanakraseye of Yeola-e from the assassination of her brother Seventh Tennunga (q.v.) in 1534 to her nephew Chevenga’s coming of age in 1547, at which point he becomes semanakraseye.
Virani-e, see Fourth Chevenga Shae-Arano-e, show spoiler.
they are both ring-fighters.
Selestialin: in Arkan lore, the divinely-sent, immortal hero who will save the Empire of Arko and its people in their darkest hour; identifiable in part by his steadfast denial that he is Selestialin.
First Notyere Shae-Arano-e: semanakraseye of Yeola-e in the 14th century on the Yeoli calendar, who attempted to seize autocratic control of the nation, precipitating a short civil war known as the War of the Travesty. He was defeated and killed by a Yeoli mob after being sentenced to exile without safe conduct for his actions. Hence the Yeoli expression “second Notyere,” (in Yeoli vaen Notyere) meaning a semanakraseye or other person in a prominent position suspected of secretly amassing or desiring power beyond the mandate of his or her position.
Twin Hawks: (in Yeoli, vae nakal) identical but opposed mythical beings representing the ancient nations whose war against each other is believed to have caused, at least in part, the Fire that flung the world back into barbarity. They are generally depicted facing and staring at each other hatefully, locked in perpetual threat, the destruction of each assured by the other.
forces led by Chevenga, then Imperator of Arko by conquest, and an Arkan army mustered from the western wing of the Empire led nominally by Malaradas Kazien Aitzas but in truth by Toras Meneken solas. It was settled by a duel between Kallijas Itrean and Idiesas Firnean.
Arko: the Empire of Arko, largest empire in the European Fifth Millennium world; its capital city, sometimes referred to as "Arko-the-City" or "The City Itself." Corruption of English “Ark Corporation,” or “Ark Co.”, the organization from which the Empire originated.
Arko’s last stand against the alliance led by Chevenga in the Yeola-e/Arko War.
Haiu Menshir: small archipelago of islands in the eastern Miyatara and a pacifistic nation which specializes in medicine and neutrally supplies the best healers to the world in return for never being invaded or engaged in war. Haian healers are identified by the black robe with two white stripes falling from the collar and a pendant in the shape of the Haian national symbol, the poppy.
Hyerne: a nation to the south of Laka on the northern coast of the Miyatara, unusual in that it is a rigidly matriarchal society, with all important positions held by women; a citizen of Hyerne, the language of Hyerne; of or pertaining to Hyerne.
a siege broken by Chevenga and a small unit of Ikal operatives, who secretly scale the wall and open the gate to the waiting Yeoli army.
Kurkania: the furthest west province of the empire of Arko, held by the empire for about 200 years but a seat of constant unrest, named after the Imperator who first conquered it, Eleventh Kurkas Aan.
Occupied by Arko until it becomes an Enchian possession as part of the alliance agreement between Tor Ench and Yeola-e.
Niah-lur-ana: archipelago of islands in the eastern Miyatara, home of the people who have maintained the use of the hang-glider or single-wing (see moyawa). They are also famed for the export of premier-quality chocolate.
the second-last battle of the Yeola-e-Arko war, in which the Yeolis and their allies rout the Arkans.
before being liberated by Yeoli and allied forces under Chevenga.
major siege to be broken by A-niah flyers under a non-Niah commander who knows fully how they do it.
until it becomes a possession of Tor Ench as part of the alliance arrangement with Yeola-e.
Zak: member of the Zak ethnicity, the language of the Zak; of or pertaining to the Zak people. The Zak are most famous for their short stature and the high incidence of psychic or extra-sensory powers in their population. Their capital city is F’talezon.
Assembly of Servants: (in Yeoli kenakerela seraseyel) the legislative assembly of Yeoli, comprised of Servants (seraseyel) representing all the ridings of Yeola-e. Chosen by election, they can be removed at any time by referendum initiated by petition.
Benai Saekrberk: monastery in the city-state of Brahvniki presided over by the Benaiat Saekrberk, spiritual leader and de facto head of state of Brahvniki. Also famous for producing the liqueur Saekrberk.
Haiuroru University Hospital: the known world’s preeminent medical university and associated hospital, located in the central district of Haiuroru, capital city of Haiu Menshir.
for Chevenga through the donations of thousands of Yeolis, after his impeachment.
Lives of Notables: an annual directory of prominent living people, published by Imprimatur Silias Liksenaias on the Great Press of Arko. Often called just Lives, it is approaching its fourth century of publication.
Mahid: the family name of the Aitzas clan of Arko whose stock in trade is total, unquestioning, mindless loyalty to the Imperator. Famously dressed in onyxine (black) with the silver belt buckle, they serve as bodyguards, spies, assassins, torturers, concubines and in any other function the Imperator asks of them.
until Chevenga, as Imperator, legalizes the sharing of printing technology and other papers arise in the Empire, as well as other locations.
School of no name (in Yeoli, akada nenaime): Yeola-e’s secret academy of dark-work: spying, assassination, etc. Possibly in Terera, or elsewhere, or both. Chevenga is its most famous graduate as no other names of graduates are known at all.
during the Arkan war due to an influx of volunteers joining Chevenga’s army with little or no war-training.
Earthsphere: direct translation of a word commonly used in many Fifth Millennium languages emphasizing that the earth is a sphere, conceived originally in the effort not to let that knowledge be lost. Also sometimes referred to as "the Garden Orbicular."
Fire: the disaster that destroyed civilization some 2000 years ago, its exact nature not understood. It is generally known that the vast majority of the then-existing population was killed and the highest technology lost.
calming essence: (aka panic-drops, fear-drops, coward’s-elixir; in Haian, rekehenum) Haian remedy prepared by placing five particular species of flowers floating on water in sunlight, particularly effective in calming panic or fear states, used all over the known Fifth Millennium world. Many soldiers in the regions served by Haian healers carry it, though few admit they do, except Yeolis; about 350 years ago, Assembly passed a law requiring all Yeoli warriors to carry a vial when geared up for battle.
whack-weed: (aka bash-weed, war-drops, fall-weed; in Haian, arnika) Haian remedy made from the plant whose current Latin name is arnica montana, particularly effective for physical traumas, unconsciousness or dazed states induced by head blows, shock, bruises, and overexertion, used all over the known Fifth Millennium world. Soldiers in every region served by Haian healers often carry it; in Yeola-e, about 350 years ago, Assembly passed a law requiring all Yeoli soldiers to carry a vial on their persons when geared up for battle.
Yeoli spirituality is an enigma to most foreigners. Proudly proclaiming themselves athye, “atheist,” Yeolis nonetheless have monks, shrines, temples and named spiritual beings. A more precise meaning of athye as Yeolis use it would be, “We accept no religious teachings, only what we learn by personal experience.” It could also be, “our religion is the opposite of organized.” Yeolis believe in total religious freedom, which has led to the rise of assorted odd cults over the centuries, none of which has ever managed to attain dominance in the nation.
Named spiritual beings
Kahara: literally, “All-spirit.” The Yeoli term for the collective divine entity comprised of the spirits of all living things, particularly people, or cosmic consciousness.  Politically, the will of kahara is seen as manifest in the will of the people as expressed in votes, and Yeolis see democracy therefore as sacred. Hence, Kahara kra: “All-Spirit wills.”
Hermaphrodite: (in Yeoli, iramaferodaita) in Yeoli belief, the mythical/spiritual/symbolic being embodying both genders and thus representing the unity of opposites, similar to the Chinese yin-yang symbol.
Other spiritual/philosophical concepts and items
crystal, in Yeoli, krisa: in the Fifth Millennium world, crystals are strongly associated with Yeola-e due to the Yeoli custom of always wearing one as a pendant, usually clear quartz, as a talisman. Yeolis swear oaths on their personal crystals. Larger ones are used as sacred talismans in Yeoli courts, and the “National Crystal” is held by whoever is speaking in the Yeoli Assembly of Servants.
relinquishment of will (in Yeoli, sedakrar): a formal ceremony undergone by Yeoli warriors when they are assigned to a unit and commander. The subordinate swears to relinquish his or her will to the commander; the commander swears to hold the subordinate’s life sacred and sacrifice it only if absolutely necessary.
Sword of Saint Mother: (in Yeoli, kraiya d’mahachao aiyana) The sword given by Yeola, the founder and namesake of Yeola-e, to the fledgling nation in case it ever needed to take it up; still kept as a sacred item in the School of the Sword.
wisdom tooth in Yeoli danasaja: it is customary for Yeolis to wear the wisdom-teeth of deceased loved ones as pendants in memoriam. The wisdom-tooth is often used along with the crystal to swear oaths.
War of the Travesty: (in Yeoli, gyera d’yabera) the only civil war in Yeola-e’s history, between First Notyere Shae-Arano-e, a semanakraseye attempting to seize autocratic power, and those who opposed his attempts, including his sister First Denaina Shae-Arano-e. Notyere was defeated, sentenced to exile without safe conduct and killed on the steps of Assembly Palace, and laws strictly limiting the power and resources of the semanakraseye were subsequently passed.
shadow-(parents/children) (in Yeoli asha-): term used by Yeolis for the non-biological relations in a marriage of more than two, as opposed to the biological parents/children (sanga- ). Ashamaha (shadow-mother); ashapaera (shadow-father); ashake (shadow-child); sangamaha (blood-mother); sangapaera (blood-father); sangake (blood-child). Slang usages include ashamama (shadow-mom) and ashapapa (shadow-dad).
stream-test, in Yeoli farayasain: a Yeoli custom, dating back to the time in which the Yeoli population was so small that birth defects were common, in which a two-day-old infant is placed in an ice-cold stream for a designated amount of time to test for health and strength. Once practiced by all Yeolis, it is now only done by more traditionalist or militaristic families, and for a shorter period of time than in the past so that more children survive.
Chirel: the name of the sword traditionally belonging to the semanakraseyeni family in Yeola-e, currently the Shae-Arano-el. It is some four hundred years old and was made by a now legendary swordsmith, Erkussa Nekari.
The Arkans have ten Gods: one for each sex within each caste. By custom, an Arkan must worship his or her designated God first and foremost. If you get elevated or de-elevated, you switch.
Muunas: the Arkan God worshipped by male members of the Aitzas caste as well as the Imperial Family. Considered the most powerful of the Gods, their Imperator. Avatar of the God is the Sun. Animals associated with the God: golden eagles, white dragons
Selinae: The Arkan Goddess worshipped by female members of the Aitzas caste as well as the Imperial Family. She traditionally is pictured with long, prehensile silver hair, and if the wife of Muunas, the Gods’ Imperatrix. Avatar of the Goddes is the Moon. Animal associated with the Goddess: white owls.
Aras: The Arkan war God worshipped by the male members of the solas caste, the warriors. Second in command of the Gods, He is depicted in Armour with a sword made out of light or shining metal sword. Animals associated with Him: white warhorses.
Dimae: Goddess Wife of the War God, worshipped by the female members of the solas caste. The animal associated with Her are all wild creatures but especially the white, horned doe. Her weapon is the golden bow.
Mikas: The God of the professional caste, worshiped by the male fessas. He is the trickster god, often depicted as a Pressman, Goldsmith or Glassman. The animal associated with Him is the white donkey or white mule. (He’ll take a horse in a pinch, but that is said to annoy Aras)
Risae: Goddess Wife of Mikas, worshipped by the female fessas. She is the great Chiurgeon, feared by the men, said to have cut the whole Arkan race into the shape it now is, at Muunas’s command. She is depicted in a perfect white coat, with her hair pulled back in a severe and perfect knot.The animals associated with Her are white rats, mice or kittens, all with pink eyes and opposable thumbs.
Imbas: The God of slaves, the daifikas caste. He is depicted as tremendously muscular, wearing nothing but a white loincloth and white headband around a shaved head. The animals associated with Him are white hounds and white oxen.
Anae: Goddess of female slaves. Depicted holding broom or cradle, she has a headband similar to Her husband’s and a strip of long hair, as bedslaves are shaved. The animals associated with Her are white ferrets and white rat-catcher dogs.
Other religious/customary concepts:
Selestialis: in Arkan religious belief, one of two places that souls are sent to after death, depending on how much they’ve sinned in life. Selestialis is the place of reward, commonly thought of as a world in which all dreams and wishes come instantly true. See Hayel.
Hayel: in Arkan religious belief, one of two places that souls are sent to after death, depending on how much they’ve sinned in life. Hayel is the place of punishment and has been described in various ways in various Arkan works, but in common thought, the souls there are held in the sensation of smothering to death for all eternity. See Selestialis.
Lukitzas: the Arkan spirit/demigod of luck whose purview is to watch over those Arkans visiting very powerful people, particularly the Imperator. In the Marble Palace there is a brass image of him next to the door that leads to the Imperial presence, and it is considered auspicious to touch or rub his head. Oddly, for an Arkan spiritual entity, Lukitzas is invariably depicted as bald.
Drugs and poisons
Arkan pharmacology is more advanced than any other except Haian in medicinal drugs, and supreme in recreational and mind-control drugs, as well as poisons.
Aphrodisiacs: Arko has several, about which little is known. The one that Chevenga unwittingly ingests in Post 139 causes an unnatural sexual arousal.
Diemesefras: not a drug so much as an agent of bodily entry for other drugs, which it invariably accompanies. When it comes in contact with human skin, it instantly completely opens the pores, allowing the entry of the other drug even if normally does not work by contact.
Fijifas (vindictive snake): a poison derived from the venom of the snake of the same name, which can be administered either orally or through an open wound or mucous membrane. Famously known as the poison
Kallijas is ordered to use on his sword against Chevenga in the Yeoli-Arkan War.
Grium sefalian (literally "germ of the head"): a cell culture which grows in the subject as an artificial brain tumour. Depending on where and how much of it is placed in the brain, death occurs from one to three years later, preceded by insanity.
Hayel-Rain: a poison used in conjunction with diemesefras to murder people by adding both to the cisterns that provide their shower or bathwater. Quoting from The Pages of Arko: "a poison blended from several deadly plants that has been used before to kill Imperators this way, causing extreme over-excitability of the nerves and thus excruciating pain, progressing to unconsciousness and convulsions, and ultimately failure of the heart and lungs resulting in death, if the dose is sufficient." In the very rare cases where it is not fatal, it causes coma and debilitating weakness that lasts long after the subject awakes.
Mahid’s Obedience: a drug used in torture and in the training of young Mahid, causing extreme pain and sensations as if the veins are burning from within along with convulsions. The subject must be restrained while under the effect so as not to injure himself. Legally permitted for use by Mahid only.
Stun-drug: Generally administered by blow-dart, this substance causes immediate unconsciousness followed by a severe headache on waking. Legally permitted for use by Mahid only, and frequently used by them to subdue and capture people alive.
Truth-drug: The most famous Arkan drug of all, also known as "the Substance that Bestows the Fundamental Virtue." When injected into the bloodstream, it causes the subject to fall into a trance-state in which they will answer any question with the truth as they know or believe it. Legally permitted for use by Mahid, Irefas and investigative staff of the Ministry of Internal Serenity only, it is an integral part of the Arkan justice system. Hence "truth-drug scraping": a technique of interrogation in which the subject, while under the drug, is asked what he would least like the questioner to know, and after being forced to reveal that information, is asked what he would second-least like the questioner to know, and so forth until all information he does not want the questioner to know is extracted. See asa kraiya Post 127 for an oral treatise by Krero Saranyera on the art of truth-drug interrogation (spoiler warning).
Aba Tyriah: Father Sky. One of the two main deities worshipped by the people of Niah-lur-ana, (q.v.) he is seen to rule over the sky and the winds, and favour those flyers (see moyawa) who worship him. He is depicted as a blue and white circle.
Ama Kalandris: Mother Sea. One of the two main deities worshipped by the people of Niah-lur-ana, (q.v.) she is seen to rule over the sea and favour those sea-travellers who worship her. She is depicted either as a dark blue circle or a standing wave.
Lord Friend Death: (in Niah, Vastiga Kampa Sou) The Niah death-God, who determines when a person will die. Depicted as a handsome man with a mouth full of shark’s teeth, wearing a blue and white men’s pareo, the white is stylized bone patterns. He is referred to as Lord Friend (Si Kampa) only, with "Death" (Sou) only added in extreme circumstances.
Ama Skalaf: the Niah personification of sleep or unconsciousness. She is depicted as a woman with faces all around her head, with eyes half open, with a red-painted hammer in her one hand and a hammock in the other.
The Lovers:The Lovers: since Aba Tyriah, Ama Kalandris and Ama Erd are seen as intertwined and in love with each other, the aNiah have a symbol that combines all three of theirs, referred to as The Lovers.
The Lakans worship a complex pantheon of Gods, famed for the fact that some of them have multiple sets of arms. Most frequently mentioned to foreigners is Parshahask, by whom they swear oaths. They are quieter about their Goddess of destruction, the most feared of their deities. Lakan religion includes an annual human sacrifice of a specially-chosen youth as a fertility blessing each spring. It is performed publicly by the city’s or nation’s high priestess, who makes love to him then thrusts a knife into his heart at the moment of his ejaculation.
Lakan spirituality is most famous, however, for its strong belief in and institutionalization of reincarnation. The priesthood keeps a running detailed record both of lives and of past-life memories that people report as a public service, to assist Lakan citizens in recalling their previous incarnations.
Closely related to this is the Lakan notion of xramha or karma: the idea that your actions will lead to natural consequences in your current life and even in subsequent lives. In the current era of social stratification in Laka, this idea is interpreted to mean that if a person is poor or suffering in this life, they must have done something in a previous life to deserve it. This is all too often used as an excuse for oppression (the oppressors apparently not anticipating where they might land in their subsequent lives).
Haian spirituality, not surprisingly, is very health-oriented. Knowing as much as they do about the human organism, they see it as sacred in and of itself, and this is expanded to a wider reverence for all things living, encompassed in the concept of anamun, “spirit of life.”
Very little more is known about Haian spirituality, as they have a policy of being circumspect about their beliefs, so as not to create friction with or cause discomfort for the many people of other nationalities and creeds whom they serve as healers. For instance, a person pretty much has to go to Haiu Menshir for healer training to learn that they believe in reincarnation, and that past-life events can have aftereffects that have lasted into the current life.
The Haian system is listed first because the Haian year-numbering system is essentially anno domini and the months have the same numbers of days as in the Gregorian calendar, though the month names are corrupted. They have leap years, adding an extra day at the end of Fibir. Other calendars do similar, as it is generally known that the Haian system originated from before the Fire).
Jenir, Fibir, Merjin, Epir, Me, Jin, Jil, Egis, Sipim, Akim, Navim, Dekim
The formal Yeoli calendar is solar and based on the equinoxes and solstices, e.g. “39th day after the winter solstice,” but they also have an informal lunar/seasonal calendar which is more often used in casual conversation, and varies from place to place.
Season following spring equinox - verekina
Season following summer solstice - etesora
Season following fall equinox – atakina (more archaic: atanakina)
Season following winter solstice - hyerasora
Some sample seasonal/lunar month names:
Syrup moon (early spring, in places where maples are common): chisayina
Calving moon (spring in the plains): vachaenayina
Snow-melt moon (common all over but comes at different times): nyechaeyina
Bring-down moon (herds brought down from mountain-heights into valleys): desaiyina
Bring-up moon (herds brought up from valleys into mountains-heights): asaiyina
A typical whole year’s moons for a town in the central plains:
Snowmelt Moon - March 21-April 17
Planting Moon - April 18-May 15
Shearing/Mountain Moon - May 16-June 12
Reading Moon - June 13-July 10
Children’s Moon - July 11-Aug. 7
Lovers’ Moon - Aug. 8-Sept. 4
Leafturn Moon - Sept. 5-Oct. 2
Reaping/Valley Moon - Oct. 3-Oct. 30
Woodcutting Moon - Oct. 31-Nov. 27
Dire Moon - Nov. 28-Dec. 26
Assembly Moon - Dec. 27-Jan. 23
Crystal Moon - Jan. 24-Feb. 20
Snow Moon - Feb. 21-March 20
Thus, if you asked Chevenga “What’s your date of birth?” he’d say “atakina 19 1527,” i.e. the 19th day after the fall equinox of the year 1527, but if you asked “When were you born?” he’d say, “Late desaiyina 1527” i.e. late in the month in which the shepherds around Vae Arahi moved their flocks down in the year 1527.
13 28-day months makes 364 days, so an extra day is added for the Festival of Light, on the winter solstice. Yeoli leap years are multiples of four also, and fall on the same years as Haian (A.D.) leap years.
Yeoli years are counted since the founding of Yeola-e as a community in AD 3424. The calendar was formalized about a hundred years later when the Iyesian empire had dissolved so completely that its calendar was falling out of use.
In the Arkan calendar, the years count backwards. The national origin tale of Arko is that they originally came from the stars, and their Gods allowed them a certain amount of time to regain the technology to return. By what can be traced by Arkan records, they originally were given one hundred years (now known as the First Age), but were divinely granted extensions, first of a second century (the Second Age), then five centuries (the Third Age), another five centuries (the Fourth Age) and finally a third five centuries (the Present Age). When the Present Age ends it will be renamed the Fifth Age, and the subsequent period will be known as the Present Age.
Arkans divide growing up into three stages divided by “thresholds” (in Arkan, iskalanzi). First threshold is crossed on the seventh birthday, second threshold at fourteen, third threshold at twenty-one.
The Arkan year starts on the summer solstice and is divided into 10 months of 36 days each, formally named after the Ten Gods but with ten informal names. Each month contains four and a half eight-days or 36 days; one day per eight-day is a holiday.
The remaining five days (and every four years, six days) are taken up by a festival called Jitzmitthra, also known as the “days out of time,” the “days that aren’t,” the “days of madness,” the “days of freedom” and a number of other terms. The idea is the celebration of freedom from normal constraints; it’s like Dionysia, Mardi Gras, Halloween and April Fool’s Day all rolled into one. SetzaJitzmitthra is the six-day leap-year version.
Example: where the months fall in the 51st-to-Last Year of the Present Age (AD 4980):
1st Month: Portal (Jun. 21 - Jul. 26) Muunas (Fathers’ Festival)
2nd Month: Cradle (Jul. 27 - Aug. 31) Selinae (Mothers’ Festival)
3rd Month: Sword (Sep. 1 - Oct. 7) Aras (Training Festival)
4th Month: Blessing (Oct. 8 - Nov. 11) Dimae (Harvest Festival)
5th Month: Pen (Nov 12 - Dec. 17) Mikas
6th Month: Lamp (Dec. 18 - Jan 23) Risae
7th Month: Plough (Jan 24 - Feb. 27) Oas (Strength Festival)
8th Month: Loom (Feb. 28 - Apr 3) Mella (Rain Festival)
9th Month: Herb-Pipe (Apr. 4 - May 9) Imbas (Work Festival)
10th Month: Jar (May. 10 - June 14) Anae (Children’s Festival)
Jitzmitthra: June 15-20 (SetzaJitzmitthra)
Days of Jitzmitthra
1. Diem of Relinquishment of Conventional Decorum
2. Diem Wards Back
3. (Leap years only: Diem of Carnal Licentiousness and Ecstasy)
3/4. Diem of Inebriants Multifarious
4/5. Diem of Excess Sustenance Gustatorial
5/6. Diem of Purification of Thoroughfares Arterial
Arkans use bead-clocks to tell time, dividing the day into twenty “beads” from noon to noon, so a bead equals 1.2 hours or 1 hour and 12 minutes. For shorter periods of time, beads are divided into fractions such as a half (36 minutes), a quarter (18 minutes) or a tenth (7.2 minutes). This system is being adopted wherever Arko has influence, even places that have won their independence, due to its precision.